OLYMPIA, Wash. — January 1, 2021, all cattle inventory in Oregon was 1.25 million head, down 2 percent from last year, according to the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service Northwest Regional Field Office. In Washington, all cattle inventory totaled 1.14 million head, down 5 percent from January 1, 2020.
Highlights from the January 1 report follow:
- Oregon beef cow numbers decreased 2 percent to 525,000 head. Oregon beef replacement heifers were down 5 percent at 100,000 head. Washington beef cow numbers decreased 3 percent to 221,000 head. Washington beef replacement heifers were down 12 percent at 50,000 head.
- Milk cows in Oregon decreased 2 percent at 125,000 head. Heifers for milk cow replacement in Oregon decreased 14 percent to 60,000 head. Milk cows in Washington decreased 1 percent at 279,000 head. Heifers for milk cow replacement in Washington decreased 9 percent to 115,000 head.
- The 2020 Oregon calf crop was 590,000 head, down 2 percent from 2019. The 2020 Washington calf crop was 420,000 head, down 5 percent from 2019.
- All cattle on feed in Oregon was at 105,000 head, up 11 percent in 2021, while Washington was at 240,000 head, unchanged from 2020.
Nationally, all cattle and calves in the United States as of January 1, 2021 totaled 93.6 million head, slightly below the 93.8 million head on January 1, 2020. All cows and heifers that have calved, at 40.6 million head, were slightly below the 40.7 million head on January 1, 2020.
Beef cows, at 31.2 million head, were down 1 percent from a year ago. Milk cows, at 9.44 million head, were up 1 percent from the previous year.
All heifers 500 pounds and over as of January 1, 2021 totaled 20.0 million head, slightly below the 20.0 million head on January 1, 2020. Beef replacement heifers, at 5.81 million head, were up slightly from a year ago. Milk replacement heifers, at 4.60 million head, were down 2 percent from the previous year. Other heifers, at 9.58 million head, were 1 percent above a year earlier.
— USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service
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