ST. PAUL, Minn. — On September 1, 2022, there were 8.80 million hogs and pigs on Minnesota farms, according to the latest USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service – Hogs and Pigs report. Inventory was up 6 percent from the previous quarter but unchanged from the previous year.
The June-August 2022 quarterly pig crop was 3.15 million head, up slightly from the previous quarter and up 1 percent from last year. A total of 260,000 sows farrowed during this quarter. The average pigs saved per litter was 12.10 for the quarter. This is a record high pigs saved per litter for any quarter.
As of September 1, producers planned to farrow 255,000 sows and gilts in the September-November 2022 quarter and 245,000 head during the December 2022-February 2023 quarter.
United States Hogs and Pigs
United States inventory of all hogs and pigs on September 1, 2022, was 73.8 million head. This was down 1 percent from September 1, 2021, but up 2 percent from June 1, 2022.
Breeding inventory, at 6.15 million head, was down 1 percent from last year, and down slightly from the previous quarter.
Market hog inventory, at 67.6 million head, was down 1 percent from last year, but up 2 percent from last quarter.
The June-August 2022 pig crop, at 33.6 million head, was down 1 percent from 2021. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 3.02 million head, down 1 percent from 2021. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 49 percent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was 11.13 for the June-August period, unchanged from last year.
United States hog producers intend to have 2.97 million sows farrow during the September-November 2022 quarter, down 2 percent from the actual farrowings during the same period one year earlier, and down 6 percent from the same period two years earlier. Intended farrowings for December 2022-February 2023, at 2.90 million sows, are down 1 percent from the same period one year earlier, and down 1 percent from the same period two years earlier.
The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with over 5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 50 percent of the total United States hog inventory, up 1 percent from the previous year.
— USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service