AMES, Iowa — Many Iowa farmers hire some custom machine work in their farm business or perform custom work for others. Others rent machinery or perform other services.
In order to help producers and custom operators examine the market, Iowa State University Extension and Outreach publishes the Iowa Farm Custom Rate Survey.
This year’s survey, published in March, includes 94 responses and 2,621 custom rates for tasks related to tillage, planting and seeding, spraying, harvesting, farm labor and more. Additions to the survey for 2023 include ground (broadcast) spraying with a self-propelled, tall-crop sprayer and liquid fertilizer high clearance application with drop hose and Y spray nozzle.
Most custom rates saw an increase of 10-15%. Custom planting ranges from $12.50 to $45 per acre, depending on the type of planter and setup. Combining corn shows an average of $41.30 per acre and combining soybeans averages $39.90 per acre, an increase of 12.4% and 10.7%, respectively. Table 1 shows historical prices for select operations. This year’s publication as well as previous reports can be found on the Ag Decision Maker website.
The survey may lag increases in diesel prices and other inputs that change more frequently. This means that for custom farming practices that involve these inputs, the cost may be even higher. The current survey assumed diesel prices would be $3.39 a gallon in 2023, based on forecasts from the U.S. Energy Information Administration.
The information in the survey is meant to be a starting point for farmers and agribusiness to engage in conversations and negotiations. The survey is not meant to set the rate for a particular practice or operator. This is an opinion survey and represents the responses of participants.
This survey is only possible with the participation of Iowa farmers, custom operators and farm managers. To join the survey list for 2024, email the survey authors. For more information, Plastina can be reached at 515-294-6160 or firstname.lastname@example.org, and Ann Johanns can be reached at 515-337-2766 or email@example.com.
Table 1. Average farm custom rates reported for Iowa.
|Chisel plowing, per acre||$6.00||$8.40||$9.65||$13.70||$17.60||$17.50||$18.00||$19.75|
|Planting, no attachments, per acre||4.40||6.80||8.85||13.20||19.15||20.60||21.00||24.70|
|Spraying, per acre||2.40||3.50||4.00||5.60||6.60||6.55||6.75||7.00|
|Combining corn, per acre||16.20||22.00||23.40||28.10||34.80||35.10||36.75||41.30|
|Combining soybeans, per acre||14.00||20.60||22.55||27.10||34.00||34.20||36.05||39.90|
|Custom farming, corn, per acre||58.00||71.00||75.80||94.10||128.80||127.25||138.75||152.60|
|Custom farming, soybeans, per acre||50.00||65.00||70.65||83.00||117.10||115.60||125.65||139.60|
|Machinery operating wage, per hour||3.50||5.10||7.20||11.70||16.30||17.60||19.65||21.75|
— Iowa State University Extension and Outreach