ALLEGANY CO., N.Y. — Cornell Cooperative Extension’s Southwest New York Dairy, Livestock, and Field Crops Program (SWNYDLFC) shares information on cow cooling for the 2021 season. While heat stress in dairy cows may not be at the forefront of anyone’s mind with several inches of snow and ice on the ground and temperatures barely above freezing, it is important to start thinking about the upcoming warm seasons. Preparing for warm weather now can help farms prevent losses in milk production and keep cows comfortable in 2021.
Cows, especially dairy animals, are much less tolerant to heat than humans. They are uncomfortable and can experience heat stress beginning at 68 degrees Fahrenheit. To help keep cows cool farms provide shade, fans, and spray water. Best practice is to provide these in both the holding area of the milking parlor, and in the home pen where cows spend their time eating and resting. Farms should use the coming weeks to perform any necessary repairs to cooling equipment and do a thorough cleaning of fans and sprayers, as dust easily builds up and reduces energy efficiency of these technologies. If farms are upgrading or installing additional cooling equipment, now is a perfect time so cows can benefit from the upgrades throughout the entire 2021 season.
Additionally, farms should ensure they are providing adequate cooling to all ages and classes of animals on the farm, including calves, heifers, and dry cows. Recent work out of the University of Florida has emphasized the importance of providing heat abatement to non-lactating animals on the farm. Providing shade, fans, and spray water to these groups of animals will promote profitability and increased milk production in your herd across multiple generation. The University of Florida’s work shows that cows pass the negative effects of heat stress on to their offspring and will produce less milk during their lactation if they experience increased heat load in the dry period. Further, their work shows that in New York State the dairy industry loses nearly 40 million dollars per year from heat stress. These losses are a result of decreased milk production, fertility, lameness, and feed intake, which all highlight the importance of cooling cattle and the economic benefits of installing fans and sprayers. Opportunities exist to improve cooling and its efficiency on farm by providing supplementary heat abatement, especially to dry cows, heifers, and calves. As farms prepare for the warmer months ahead, take the time to check all cooling equipment is functioning properly for each age and class of animal on the farm. For more information about heat abatement for dairy cows, contact Alycia Drwencke, Dairy Management Specialist, at 517-416-0386 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
SWNYDLFC is a partnership between Cornell University and the CCE Associations of Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, and Steuben counties. Their team includes Katelyn Walley-Stoll, Farm Business Management (716-640-0522); Joshua Putman, Field Crops (716-490-5572); Alycia Drwencke, Dairy Management (517-416-0386) and Amy Barkley, Livestock Management (716-640-0844). CCE is an employer and educator recognized for valuing AA/EEO, Protected Veterans, and Individuals with Disabilities and provides equal program and employment opportunities. For more information, visit www.swnydlfc.cce.cornell.edu.
For more information about Cornell Cooperative Extension, contact your county’s Association Executive Director. Allegany County – Laura Hunsberger, email@example.com or 585-268-7644. Cattaraugus County – Dick Rivers, firstname.lastname@example.org or 716-699-2377. Chautauqua County – Emily Reynolds, email@example.com or 716-664-9502. Erie County – Diane Held, firstname.lastname@example.org or 716-652-5400. Steuben County – Tess McKinley, email@example.com, or 607-664-2301.
–Cornell Cooperative Extension
Southwest New York Dairy, Livestock, and Field Crops Program