HARRISBURG, Pa. — With the 2019 hunting season underway in Pennsylvania, the Department of Agriculture released recommended best management practices to help protect hunters and their families against Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD).
“At this time, current published scientific studies support the hypothesis that there is a strong species barrier protecting humans from CWD,” said Agriculture Secretary Russell Redding. “To date, there have not been any documented cases of humans being infected with CWD.”
Since being identified in Pennsylvania, hunters have had a heightened awareness of the fatal neurological disease that can affect deer, elk, moose, and caribou. Research continues in search of a cure and rapid test for CWD, which has recently been accelerated with the Department’s issuance of the CWD research request for applications.
The following are voluntary best management practices, recommended to be adopted by Pennsylvania’s hunters and processors:
- Do not shoot, handle or eat meat from wild deer or elk that look sick, are acting strangely or are found dead. However, keep in mind that most CWD-infected deer do not look or act sick.
- Report any sightings of sick or abnormal-acting wild deer or elk to the PA Game Commission.
- If you are hunting in or near a disease management areaOpens In A New Window, place your deer’s head in PA Game Commission collection containers to submit it for CWD testing.
- If you have your deer or elk commercially processed, consider asking that your animal be processed separately to avoid mixing meat from multiple animals.
- It is recommended that processors take extra care to thoroughly clean equipment after processing each wild deer.
- When field-dressing or processing deer:
- Wear latex or rubber gloves.
- Minimize how much you handle the organs, particularly brain or spinal cord tissue.
- Do not use household knives or other kitchen utensils for field dressing.
- Double bag high-risk parts and dispose of in an approved landfill.
After considering published scientific studies and best management practices, if hunters hunting outside of a DMA are still concerned, they can have their deer tested for an $80 fee through the PA Animal Diagnostic Laboratory System (PADLS). An FAQ on testing locations, fees and process can be found on the PADLS websiteOpens In A New Window or to learn more about CWD in Pennsylvania visit pgc.pa.gov.
The department issued similar recommendations to approved commercial processors who participate in Hunters Sharing the Harvest and process deer donated by hunters to Pennsylvania’s charitable food system.
Processors interested in learning more about voluntary best management practices are encouraged to review the recently published Best Management Practices for Deer Processors and Taxidermists: Reducing the Risk of CWD TransmissionOpens In A New Window by the Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries.
–Shannon Powers, Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture