ST. PAUL, Minn. — Honey production from producers with five or more colonies in Minnesota totaled 5.20 million pounds in 2022 according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service – Honey report. This was 27 percent lower than the 7.13 million pounds produced in 2021.
The number of honey producing colonies in the state, at 102,000, was down 23,000 from 2021. This number does not include producers with fewer than five colonies or producers who did not harvest honey. Yield per colony in Minnesota averaged 51 pounds, compared to 57 pounds per colony in 2021.
Minnesota ranked 7th nationally in honey production, down from 6th place in 2021. Colonies which produced honey in more than one state were counted in each state where the honey was produced. Therefore, at the United States level yield per colony may be understated, but total production would not be impacted.
On December 15, 2022, producer honey stocks in Minnesota, excluding stocks under government loan programs, were 728,000 pounds, 155 percent higher than 2021. The state’s 2022 honey crop was valued at $14.5 million, down 32 percent from the previous year’s $21.3 million. The average price per pound for all marketing channels in Minnesota was $2.79, down 20 cents from 2021.
United States Honey
United States honey production in 2022 totaled 125 million pounds, down 1 percent from 2021. There were 2.67 million colonies producing honey in 2022, down 1 percent from 2021. Yield per colony averaged 47.0 pounds, unchanged from 2021. Colonies which produced honey in more than one State were counted in each State where the honey was produced. Therefore, at the United States level yield per colony may be understated, but total production would not be impacted. Colonies were not included if honey was not harvested. Producer honey stocks were 23.3 million pounds on December 15, 2022, down 1 percent from a year earlier. Stocks held by producers exclude those held under the commodity loan program.
United States honey prices increased 12 percent during 2022 to $2.96 per pound, compared to $2.65 per pound in 2021. United States and State level prices reflect the portions of honey sold through cooperatives, private, and retail channels. Prices for each color class are derived by weighting the quantities sold for each marketing channel. Prices for the 2021 crop reflect honey sold in 2021 and 2022. Some 2021 crop honey was sold in 2022, which caused some revisions to the 2021 crop prices.
The average prices paid in 2022 for honey bee queens, packages, and nucs were $22, $98, and $129, respectively. Pollination income for 2022 was $241 million, down 11 percent from 2021. Other income from honey bees in 2022 was $55.2 million, down 31 percent from 2021.
The complete report can be found on the USDA NASS website at www.nass.usda.gov/Publications.
— USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service